J Genomics 2022; 10:57-60. doi:10.7150/jgen.75652 This volume

Research Paper

Draft Genomes of Six Wild Poisonous Mushrooms

Sittiporn Parnmen1, Nattakarn Nooron1, Sujitra Sikaphan1, Chutimon Uttawichai1, Dutsadee Polputpisatkul1, Sriprapa Phatsarapongkul1, Rungsaeng Chankunasuka1, Unchalee Nitma1, Chidkamon Thunkhamrak1, Nisakorn Palakul1, Khwanruan Naksuwankul2, Onanong Pringsulaka3, Achariya Rangsiruji4✉

1. Toxicology Center, National Institute of Health, Department of Medical Sciences, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi 11000 Thailand.
2. Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham 44150, Thailand.
3. Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok 10110, Thailand.
4. Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok 10110, Thailand.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). See http://ivyspring.com/terms for full terms and conditions.
Parnmen S, Nooron N, Sikaphan S, Uttawichai C, Polputpisatkul D, Phatsarapongkul S, Chankunasuka R, Nitma U, Thunkhamrak C, Palakul N, Naksuwankul K, Pringsulaka O, Rangsiruji A. Draft Genomes of Six Wild Poisonous Mushrooms. J Genomics 2022; 10:57-60. doi:10.7150/jgen.75652. Available from https://www.jgenomics.com/v10p0057.htm

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Graphic abstract

Foodborne illnesses caused by wild mushroom poisoning occur globally and have led to food safety concerns. Here, we reported de novo genome assemblies of the six most commonly encountered toxic mushrooms in Thailand. These comprised Amanita brunneitoxicaria, Cantharocybe virosa, Chlorophyllum molybdites, Entoloma mastoideum, Pseudosperma sp. and Russula subnigricans. The nuclear genome sizes of these species ranged from 40 to 77 Mb, with the number of predicted genes ranging from 5,375 to 14,099. The mitogenome sizes varied from 41,555 to 78,907 bp. The resulting draft genomes of these poisonous mushrooms provide insights into toxin-related genes that may be used to establish genetic markers for monitoring mushroom poisoning outbreaks.

Keywords: Poisonous mushroom, De novo genome assembly, Toxin-related gene, Mitogenome