Department of Advanced Bioscience, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kindai University, 3327-204 Nakamachi, Nara, Nara 631-8505, Japan.
Enterobacter asburiae is a species of Gram-negative bacteria that is found in soil, water, and sewage. E. asburiae is generally considered to be an opportunistic pathogen, but has also been reported as a plant growth-promoting bacterium (PGPB), which may have beneficial effects on plant growth and development. However, genetic analysis of E. asburiae has been limited, possibly due to its redundant enzymes that digest exogenous DNA in the cell. Here, an E. asburiae strain i6 was isolated from soil in Nara, Japan. This strain was amenable to transformation and the one-step gene inactivation method based on λ Red recombinase. The transformation efficiency of the i6 strain with the 10 kb plasmid DNA pCF430 was at least four orders of magnitude higher than that of the previously sequenced E. asburiae strain ATCC 35953, which could not be transformed with the same plasmid DNA. A draft genome sequence of the i6 strain was determined and deposited into the database, allowing several factors that may determine transformation efficiency to be perturbed and tested. Together with the amenability of the i6 strain to genetic manipulation, the information from the i6 genome will facilitate characterization and fine-tuning of the beneficial and detrimental traits of this species.
Keywords: Enterobacter asburiae, gene deletion, λ Red recombinase, plant growth-promoting bacterium (PGPB), cell-cell interactions